1426. Glareola pratincola

1426. Glareola pratincola.

The Collared Pratincole.

Hirundo pratincola, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 345 (1766). Glareola pratincola, Blyth, Ibis, 1867, p. 163; Blanf. S. F. iv, p. 507 ; Butler, S. F. vii, p. 186; ix, p. 425; Hume, Cat. no. 842 bis ; Doig, S. F. viii, p. 375; Vidal, S. F. ix, p. 78 ; Swinhoe, Ibis, 1882, p. 120 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 326 ; Seebohm, Charadr. p. 256; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 318; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xxiv, p. 53.

This species is very similar to G. orientalis, but may be distinguished by its longer, more deeply forked tail, the outer rectrices exceeding the middle pair as a rule by 2 inches, and scarcely ever by less than 1 1/2. Generally, too, the tips of the secondaries are white in the present species, and the throat and lower breast are less strongly tinged with rufous.

Length 9 ; tail to end of outer feathers 4.3; wing 7.5 ; tarsus 1.2 ; bill from gape 1.

Distribution. A migratory bird, occurring in summer in Central and Southern Europe, and throughout a large area in Western and Central Asia, wintering in Africa. It has been met with breeding in Sind, in company with G. orientalis, by Mr. S. Doig, and stragglers have been recorded from Allahabad, the Deccan, and Ratnagiri.

Habits similar to those of the last species.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
1426. Glareola pratincola
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
1426
Year: 
1898
Page No: 
216
Common name: 
Collared Pratincole
M_ID: 
4413
M_CN: 
Collared Pratincole
M_SN: 
Glareola pratincola
Volume: 
Vol. 4
id: 
2049

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