1426. Glareola pratincola.
The Collared Pratincole.
Hirundo pratincola, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 345 (1766). Glareola pratincola, Blyth, Ibis, 1867, p. 163; Blanf. S. F. iv, p. 507 ; Butler, S. F. vii, p. 186; ix, p. 425; Hume, Cat. no. 842 bis ; Doig, S. F. viii, p. 375; Vidal, S. F. ix, p. 78 ; Swinhoe, Ibis, 1882, p. 120 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 326 ; Seebohm, Charadr. p. 256; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 318; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xxiv, p. 53.
This species is very similar to G. orientalis, but may be distinguished by its longer, more deeply forked tail, the outer rectrices exceeding the middle pair as a rule by 2 inches, and scarcely ever by less than 1 1/2. Generally, too, the tips of the secondaries are white in the present species, and the throat and lower breast are less strongly tinged with rufous.
Length 9 ; tail to end of outer feathers 4.3; wing 7.5 ; tarsus 1.2 ; bill from gape 1.
Distribution. A migratory bird, occurring in summer in Central and Southern Europe, and throughout a large area in Western and Central Asia, wintering in Africa. It has been met with breeding in Sind, in company with G. orientalis, by Mr. S. Doig, and stragglers have been recorded from Allahabad, the Deccan, and Ratnagiri.
Habits similar to those of the last species.