22. Turdus sibiricus

22. SIBERIAN THRUSH.
TURDUS SIBIRICUS.
Turdus sibiricus, Pall. Reis. Russ. Reichs, iii. p. 694, (1776) ; Gould. B. of Gt. Brit. ii. pl. 40 ; Dresser, ii. p. 87, pl. 12 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 149 ; (Seebohm). Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 180 ; (Tacz.) F. O. Sib. O. p. 282 ; (Oates), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 138 ; Saunders, p. 12 ; Lilford, iii. p. 89, pl. 45 ; Dresser, Ibis. 1901, p. 447, pl. ix. figs. 13, 16, (eggs). T. bechsteinii, Naumann, ii. p. 310, pl. 69, figs. 1, 2.
Toratsugumi, Mamie-jiro, Japanese.
Male ad. (Japan). Upper parts black tinged with slate grey ; under parts dark slate grey ; middle of the abdomen and a conspicuous superciliary stripe white ; bill blackish horn paler at the base ; legs light brown ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.85, wing 4.65, tail 3.45, tarsus 1.2 inch. The female is olive brown above, white washed with buff below, the throat, breast, and flanks spotted with brown. In all plumages this species is recognizable in having a white or whitish band across the under surface of the wing.
Hab. Siberia, east of the Yenesei valley and Japan, wintering in China, Burma, Java, and Sumatra ; the Adamans ; has strayed to Europe where it has occurred in Turkey (once), Germany, France (once), and Great Britain (once).
In habits this thrush is essentially terrestrial, obtaining its food, which consists of worms, snails, insects, &c., on the ground, and it frequents wooded damp localities. Its song is said to be extremely sweet and melodious. It breeds in Siberia in from 66° to 68° N. lat,, and in Japan, constructing a somewhat untidy nest of dry grass with a scanty wall of mud and an inner lining of coarse dry grass, which is usually placed in the fork of a tree a few feet from the ground. The eggs, 4 to 6 in number, are deposited late in June, and vary considerably, some resem¬bling those of T. viscivorus, others being pale blue green finely spotted with reddish. In size they vary from 1.02 by 0.78 to 1.18 by 0.87.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
22. Turdus sibiricus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
22
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
19
Common name: 
Siberian Thrush
M_ID: 
27020
M_CN: 
Siberian Thrush
M_SN: 
Geokichla sibirica
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10808

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