959. Gecinulus viridis.
The Southern Pale-headed Woodpecker.
Gecinulus viridis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xxxi, p. 341 (1862) ; Hume, S. F. ii, p. 472, ix, p. 112 ; id. Cat. no. 177 bis; Hume & Oates, S. F. iii. p 71 ; Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 77 ; Hume Dav. S. F. vi, p. 144; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 164; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 41 ; Hargitt, Cat. B. M. xviii, p. 136.
Coloration. Male. Forehead, lores, and sides of head yellowish brown ; sides of neck more yellow, this colour extending round the neck behind the occipital crest, which, with the crown, is bright crimson; back, scapulars, wing-coverts, and outer margins of wing-feathers, except of primaries towards their tips, yellowish olive, the rump-feathers the same, but narrowly edged and tipped with scarlet or orange; quills brown, with white spots on the inner webs, and sometimes indistinct pale spots on the outer; tail-feathers brown, the outer webs bordered with olive-yellow near the base, the inner webs of all but the middle pair spotted with white; lower parts dark olive-green to greenish brown; throat more yellow.
Female. No red on head, which is yellowish brown throughout, much yellower on the nape, so as to have a broad yellow collar.
Bill pale bluish white, strongly tinged with blue at base ; irides brown; legs, feet, and claws pale dirty green (Davison).
Length 10.5; tail 3.9 ; wing 5.2; tarsus 1 ; bill from gape 1.2.
Distribution. Common in the Pegu hills between Thayet Myo and Toungngoo, also throughout Tenasserim. The most southern locality recorded is Kussoom, a little north of Junk Ceylon.
Habits, &c. This Woodpecker inhabits both deciduous and evergreen forest, but is chiefly found on and amongst bamboos. According to Davison it occurs singly or in pairs, never in parties.