1210. Colymbus arcticus

1210. Black-throated Diver.
Colymbus arcticus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 221 (1766) ; (Naum.), xii. p. 418, Taf. 328 ; Hewitson, ii. p. 451, pl. cxxiii. fig. 2 ; Gould, B. of E. v. pl 394 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 44 ; Temminek and Schlegel, Faun. Jap. Aves, p. 123 ; Dresser, viii. p. 615, pl. 627 ; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 492 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1262 ; Saunders, p. 713 ; Ridgway, p. 7 ; Lilford, vi. p. 104, pl. 46.
Plongeon a gorge noire, French ; Strolaga mezzana, Ital. ; Polar- taucher, German ; Parelduiker, Dutch ; Polar-lom, Danish ; Slor-lom, Norweg. ; Stor-lom, Swed. ; Kuikka, Finn. ; Gagara polosa-taya, Russ. ; O-hamu, Jap.
Male ad. (Archangel.) Crown, nape, and hind neck ashy grey, darker on the forehead and brownish on the sides of the head ; upper parts glossy black marked with white cross bars ; wings and tail black, the former spotted with white ; chin and throat black, tinged with purple, the sides of the throat striped with white, and a patch of white stripes on the upper throat ; under parts white, the flanks black ; bill bluish black, paler at the base ; outer tarsus, hind and outer toes, and two marks across the webs blackish brown tinged with green, the rest of the legs and the webs reddish white. Culmen 2.6, wing 11.7, tail 2.5, taraus 2.9 inch. Sexes-alike. In winter the upper parts are dull blackish marked with brownish white ; the chin, throat, and under parts white ; the sides of the lower throat and breast striped with black.
Hab. The northern portions of Europe, Asia, and America, but not in Iceland, migrating south in winter, in Europe to the Mediterranean, Black Sea, and Caspian, in Asia to Japan, and in America to the Northern United States east of the Rockies.
In habits the present species closely resembles its allies, and like those its cry is loud and weird. It nests on the margins of lakes or on small islands, its nest being a scanty collection of herbage, and in May deposits 2 eggs, which resemble those of C. septentrionalis, but are darker and larger, measuring 3.22 by 2.10.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1210. Colymbus arcticus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Black Throated Diver
Black-throated Loon
Gavia arctica
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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