41. Garrulus leucotis oatesi

(41) Garrulus leucotis oatesi Sharpe.
Garrulus leucotis oatesi, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 62.
This Jay is found throughout the Chin Hills from the extreme North to the Lushai Hills and Manipur, certainly occurring within the latter State (Mackenzie), whilst South it extends to the hills of Arrakan. In the Inter Chindwin-Irrawaddy area it appears to be found from the extreme North to the South, probably about half-way between Kindat and Monywa, where it meets the preceding race. Wherever found it seems to be resident, breeding freely between about 3,500 and 6,000 feet, perhaps up to 7,000 feet or even higher.
Mackenzie, who took a fine series of this bird’s eggs in the Chin Hills, describes the nest, the site and the eggs as all being very similar to those of the Burmese Jay, though it seems to haunt wilder, more rugged country. Repeatedly the nest taken by him is described in his notes as being built on the small oak trees growing “on a steep hill-side” or “in very difficult country on hill-side,” or in similar terms. Although most nests are made of twigs and are in many instances compact fairly deep cups, Mackenzie describes one exceptional nest as “a shallow saucer in a low tree in scrub jungle on a steep hill-side, about 10 feet up, made entirely of roots with a, few scraps of moss outside. Dimensions 6" x 2.3/4" externally and 4.1/2" x 2" inside. Elevation 4,000 feet. ” Off this nest Mackenzie shot two birds, the surviving bird in the first instance getting a new mate and continuing to use the same nest !
They breed in colonies just as the Burmese birds do and Mackenzie on one occasion took three nests, each with four eggs, from the same patch of scrub-forest on the same day.
April and May seem to be the two months in which they breed.
Individual eggs or clutches cannot be distinguished from those of the Burmese Jay but, as a whole, they are very distinctly browner and less olive-green in tone. One clutch taken by Mackenzie has a yellow-stone ground-colour, the reddish-brown freckles, numerous everywhere, running into one another and forming broad rings at the extreme larger ends.
Forty-four eggs average 30.46 x 22.31 mm. : maxima 33.5 x 23.6 mm. ; minima 26.75 x 21.6 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
41. Garrulus leucotis oatesi
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Sharpes Jay
Garrulus glandarius leucotis
Vol. 1

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