26. Garrulus bispecularis.
The Himalayan Jay.
Garrulus bispecularis, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1830, p. 7; Gould, Cent. pl. 38 ; Royle, Himalaya, pl. - ; Horsf. M. Cat. ii, p. 570 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 307 ; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 55; Hume, & Henders. Lah. to Yark. p. 242 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 410; Brooks, S. F. iii, p. 253; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iii, p. 100; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xlvii, pt. ii,p. 21; Hume, Cat. no. 660 ; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 327; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 257; Oates in Hume's N. E. 2nd ed. i, p. 28. Garrulus ornatus, J. E. Gray in Hardw. Ill. Ind. Zool. i, pl. 23, fig. 2 (1832) ; Blyth, Cat. p. 94.
Coloration. A broad black moustachial band; lower part of rump, upper and under tail-coverts, vent and thighs white; with these exceptions the whole plumage of the head, neck, and body is a rich vinaceous fawn-colour ; tail black, with some interrupted ashy bars near the base of the central pair of feathers; lesser and median wing-coverts like the back; winglet, primary-coverts, the outer greater coverts and the outer webs of most of the secondaries, on their basal half, bright blue banded with black ; remainder of the greater coverts, and quills black, the primaries with some portion of the outer web grey; the innermost tertiary partially chestnut.
Bill dusky; margins of eyelids dull brick-red; iris reddish brown ; tarsi and toes pale pinkish fleshy ; claws livid (Scully).
Length about 12 ; tail 6 ; wing 6.5; tarsus 1.4; bill from gape 1.2.
Distribution. Throughout the lower ranges of the Himalayas from Eastern Kashmir to Bhutan and also in the Khasi hills: apparently ranging up to 7000 feet.
Habits, &c. Breeds from March to June, constructing a cup-shaped nest of twigs and grass, lined with finer grass, in a fork of a tree and laying from four to six eggs. These are like those of the last species and measure 1.15 by .85.