(145) Ianthocincla rufogularis occidentals.
THE KASHMIR LAUGHING-THRUSH.
Ianthocincla rufogularis occidentals Hartert, Vog. Pal. i, p. 635 (1910) (Dehra Doon).
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Similar to the Rufous-chinned Laughing-Thrush, but has the ear-coverts rusty-orange and the upper parts pale, more olive and less rufous.
Colours of soft parts and Measurements the same as in the last.
Distribution. From Kumaon westwards through Kashmir and the N.W. Himalayas.
Nidification. Breeds in Garhwal and the Simla Hills in May and June between 6,000 and 8,000 feet elevation. Nest and eggs are like those of the Sikkim bird, but the former are made more of twigs, and tendrils are not so invariably or plentifully used. Six eggs average 26.3 x 18.7 mm.
Habits. Like those of the other subspecies. Hutton found in the stomach of a bird he examined " sand, seeds and the remains of wasps."