62. Dryonastes ruficollis.
The Rufous-necked Laughing -Thrush.
Ianthocincla ruficollis, Jard. Selby, Ill. Orn. 2nd ser. pl. 21 (1838). Garrulax ruficollis (J. & S.). Blyth, Cat. p. 97; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 205; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 38; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 209; Hume, N. & E. p. 254; Inglis, S. F. v, p. 34; Hume, Cat. no. 410; id. S. F. xi, p. 158. Dryonastes ruficollis (J. & S.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 454; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 45.
Pobduya, Beng.; Rapchen-pho, Lepch.; Doopooleeka, Assam.
Coloration. Lores, sides of the head, cheeks, chin, throat, and centre of the uppermost portion of the breast black: sides of neck bright chestnut, continued upwards to the middle of the upper edge of the ear-coverts; crown and nape slaty-grey; upper plumage and wings olive-brown, the outer webs of the primaries ashy ; tail black, the base suffused with olive-green ; breast, upper abdomen, sides of the body, and thighs olive-brown ; centre of lower abdomen and under tail-coverts bright chestnut. Bill, legs, and feet black; iris red (Hume).
Length about 10; tail 4.5; wing 4; tarsus 1.4; bill from gape 1.
Distribution. The Himalayas from Nepal to Sadiya ; the Khasi hills ; Sylhet, Cachar, Manipur, Tipperah ; Bhamo. This bird is found at low elevations probably not above 4000 feet and mostly at the foot of the hills.
Habits, 4'c. This species appears to be addicted to grass- and reed-jungle. It breeds in Sikhim from April to June, constructing its nest in bushes within a few feet of the ground. The eggs, three or four in number, are pale bluish green and measure 1.02 by .75.