78. Ianthocincla ocellata.
The White-spotted Laughing-Thrush.
Cinclosoma ocellatum, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, p. 55; Gould, Cent.. pl. 15. Garrulax ocellatus ( Vig.), Blyth, Cat. p. 96 ; Horsf. & 31. Cat. i p. 205 ; Jerd. B. I. ii,p. 41; id. Ibis, 1872, p. 304 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 257 ; id. Cat. no. 414. Ianthocincla ocellata ( Vig.), Sharpe, Cat. B. 31. vii, p. 382; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 54.
Coloration. Lores, front of face, chin, and a supercilium bright fulvous; forehead, crown, and nape blackish brown; ear-coverts chestnut; upper back and sides of neck fulvous, with broad black subterminal marks on all the feathers, which are also tipped fulvescent; scapulars, wing-coverts, lower back, rump, and upper tail-coverts reddish brown, with white spots preceded by black marks; quills tipped with white, the earlier primaries black on the outer webs, becoming progressively ashy and then chestnut; middle tail-feathers chestnut tipped white ; the others rufous at base, then ashy and finally black with white tips; centre of throat black with narrow rufous edges; sides of the throat rufous, barred with black ; breast fulvous buff, broadly barred with black ; remainder of lower plumage the same colour as the breast, but not barred ; the flanks more olivaceous, with a few paler fulvous bars.
Bill yellowish, dusky on the ridge and tip ; legs dull yellow; iris yellow-brown (Jerdon).
Length about 13; tail 6.5 ; wing 5.2 ; tarsus 1.8; bill from gape 1.5.
Distribution. Nepal and Sikhim at elevations from 8000 to 10,000 feet.
Habits, &c. Our knowledge of the nidification of this bird is unsatisfactory. A nest and two eggs, taken in Sikhim in May, and sent to Hume, are described, the former as being composed of fern, moss, grass, and roots, and the latter as pale blue, one of the two eggs being spotted with brown at the thicker end. The two eggs measured 1.18 by .86 and 1.25 by .85.