(140) Ianthocincla ocellata ocellata.
THE WHITE-SPOTTED LAUGHING-THRUSH.
Cinclosoma ocellatum Vigors, P. Z. S., 1831, p. 15 (Himalayas). Ianthocincla ocellata. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 84
Vernacular names. Lho-karrevm-pho (Lepcha).
Description. Forehead, crown and nape brownish black: face and supercilia bright fulvous; ear-coverts chestnut; upper back and sides of neck fulvous, the feathers with broad black sub-terminal marks and fulvous tips; scapulars and wing-coverts to tail reddish brown with white spots preceded by black marks; quills tipped white, the earlier primaries black on the outer webs, becoming progressively ashy and then chestnut; middle tail-feathers chestnut, tipped with white; the others rufous at base, then ashy and finally black with white tips ; centre of throat black, the feathers with narrow rufous edges ; sides of throat rufous barred with black ; below fulvous buff, the breast barred with black and the flanks more olivaceous with a few paler fulvous bars.
Colour3 of soft parts. Bill yellowish, dusky above and on tip; legs dull yellow ; iris yellow-brown.
Measurements. Length about 310 to 320 mm.; wing 130 to 135 mm.; tail about 180 mm.; tarsus about 48 mm.; culmen about 30 to 32 mm.
Distribution. Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan, from which latter place I have received typical specimens. The type-locality may be. restricted to Darjeeling.
Nidification. Hume received a nest from Sikkim with one of the parent birds. " The nest is principally composed of these" (fern and grass) " intermingled with moss and roots and is a large, loose structure some 7 inches in diameter." It was placed close to the ground in a thick clump of fern and grass, and contained two eggs which are not described.
Habits. This Laughing-Thrush is a bird of high elevations. It occurs about Darjeeling from some 6,000 or 7,000 feet up to at least 10,000 feet. It keeps much to heavy forest, and appears to be less gregarious and not so noisy as the species of the two preceding genera.