73. Garrulax moniliger

73. Garrulax moniliger.

The Necklaced Laughing-Thrush.

Cinclosoma moniligera, Hodgs. As. Res. xix, p. 147 (1836). Garrulax macclellandi, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xii, p. 949 (1843). Garrulax moniliger (Hodgs.), Blyth, Cat. p. 96; Horsf. M. Cat. i, p. 204; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 40 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 257 ; id. S. F. iii, p. 123; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Aces, p. 627; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, pp. 291,515; Hume, Cat. no. 413; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 181; Oates, S. F. x, p. 208; id. B. B. i, p. 35; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 442; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 160; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 50.
Ol-pho, Lepch.; Piang-kam, Bhut.; Poreri or Purirhi, Daphla.

Coloration. Resembles G. pectoralis. Differs in wanting the black cheek-stripe and in having the primary-coverts of the same colour as the other wing-coverts. The ear-coverts vary from pure white to black with a white patch in the middle. The former type prevails throughout Burma and the latter in the Himalayas. The tail is tipped with white in all specimens procured north of a line drawn from Thayetmyo to Toungngoo; south of this line the tips are almost invariably buff, and the only exception I have met with is a bird shot at Kollidoo in Tenasserim.

Iris bright yellow; eyelids dull purple; bill dark horn, the tip and margins pale brown ; legs light plumbeous; claws pale horn-colour. In young birds the iris appears to be greenish yellow.

Length about 12; tail 4.9; wing 5; tarsus 1.7; bill from gape 1.3.

Distribution. Nearly the same as that of G. pectoralis, but found in Tenasserim as far south as Tavoy, and apparently absent from Karennee.

Habits, &c. Breeds from March to June, constructing a nest in bushes and seedling bamboos within easy reach of the hand, and laying from three to five blue eggs, which measure 1.07 by .85.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
73. Garrulax moniliger
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Necklaced Laughing Thrush
Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush
Garrulax monileger
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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