(134) Garrulax moniliger moniliger.
THE INDIAN NECK-LACED LAUGHING-THRUSH.
Cinclosoma moniligera Hodgs., As. Res., xix, p. 147 (1836) (Nepal). Garrulax moniliger. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 81.
Vernacular names. Ol-pho (Lepcha); Piang-kam(Bhut.); Poreri or Purirhi (Daphla); Chota penga (Bengali).
Description. Differs from pectoralis in wanting the black cheek-stripe and in having the primary-coverts the same as the others, not black. The ear-coverts are black and- white, varying much individually.
Colours of soft parts. Iris pale yellow to bright yellow; eyelids dull purple; bill dark horn-colour, the tip and edges paler; legs light plumbeous, claws pale horn-colour. In young birds the eyes are greenish yellow or a pale washed-out blue.
Measurements. Length about 300 to 310 mm.; wing 123 to 128mm,; tail about 120 to 125 mm.; tarsus about 43 mm.; culmen about 28 mm.
Distribution. Practically the same as that of G. pectoralis pectoralis.
Nidification. This Laughing-Thrush has breeding habits, season, elevation, etc., all identical with its larger cousin, pectoralis; the nests are indistinguishable, but the eggs can be told by their smaller size. 200 eggs average about 28.4 x 21.3 mm., but the largest of these exceed in size the smallest of those of the Black-gorgeted Laughing-Thrush.
The extremes are maxima, 30.3 X 21.0 and 27.9 x 23.5 mm. ; minima 27.0 X 21.6 and 27.2 x 19.8 mm.
Habits exactly the same as those of pectoralis, with which it frequently consorts.