138. Garrulax albogularis whistleri

(138) Garrulax albogularis whistleri Stuart Baker.
THE WESTERN WHITE-THROATED LAUGHING-THRUSH.
Garrulax albogularis whistleri, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 154.
The Western race of White-throated Laughing-Thrush breeds from Afghanistan to Nepal all along the outer Himalayas from 4,000 to 8,000 feet. It breeds in Jammu but, according to Ward, is a rare bird in Kashmir, and he merely says that it has been recorded from the Jhelum Valley. Whymper found it breeding in great numbers in Naini Tal about 5,000 feet ; Jones records them as fairly common at 5,000 to 7,000 feet in the Simla States. Rattray omits them from the list of birds he found breeding round Murree but I have eggs taken by him at Murree after his paper on that place was published. Marshall and Cock also took their nests there, and Hutton reports them as very common round Mussoorie.
Hume gives an excellent summary of their nests, which I quote :— “ The nest varies in shape from a moderately deep cup to a broad shallow saucer, and from 5 to 7 or even 8 inches in external diameter, and from less than 2 to more than 4 inches in depth internally. Coarse grass, flags, creepers, dead leaves, moss and grass-roots all at times enter more or less largely into the composition of the nest, which, though sometimes wholly unlined, is often neatly cushioned with red and black fern and moss-roots. The nests are placed in small bushes, shrubs or trees at heights of from 3 to 10 feet, sometimes in forks, but more often, I think, in low horizontal branches, between two or three upright shoots.”
Hutton and other observers often found tendrils to be largely used in the construction of the nest, whilst a nest taken by Jones in the Kote State at 7,000 feet was built almost entirely of grass and pine-needles, lined with finer grass and rootlets. This nest was placed in a bramble climbing up a Blue Pine, about 12 feet from the ground. Another nest made of grass was found by the same observer, built between horizontal twigs of an Oak (Quercus dilatata).
In Naini Tal nearly all the nests taken by Whymper were made of black rootlets, the coarsest outside, the finer as lining.
Hume summarizes their breeding-season as “from the commence¬ment of April to the end of June.” May, however, seems to be the month in which most eggs are laid, though Whymper found many nests with fresh eggs in July.
The normal full clutch of eggs is three ; four are quite exceptional and two are sometimes incubated.
They are very beautiful eggs ; an intense deep blue, with no tint of green in most eggs, deeper in colour than those of any other known Indian bird, besides having a brilliant gloss. The texture is stout and fine and the shape a long oval, often pointed at the smaller end.
Sixty eggs average 29.0 x 21.1 mm. : maxima 32.0 x 21.5 and 28.0 x 22.0 mm. ; minima 24.2 x 20.0 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
138. Garrulax albogularis whistleri
Spp Author: 
Stuartbaker.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
138
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
117
Common name: 
Western White Throated Laughing Thrush
M_ID: 
24847
M_SN: 
Garrulax albogularis whistleri
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
13344

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith