1905. Gallus sonneratii

(1905) Gallus sonneratii Temm.
Gallus sonneratii, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v, p. 298.
The Grey Jungle-fowl is distributed throughout the greater part of Southern India from nearly the extreme South, of Travancore as far North as Mt. Abu on the West and the Godavery on the East. It is common in parts of the Deccan and Central Provinces.
Like all Jungle-fowl, it is a forest-bird and is found in the broken plains country and in the hills up to the summits of the Nilgiris and other hill-ranges of the South.
So far as the haunts of this bird are concerned and the manner of its nidification they closely resemble those of the Red Jungle-fowl, but they seem sometimes to make a rather better nest, for it is said occasionally to consist of a mass of sticks, bamboo spathes, leaves etc. matted into a compact and solid pile, with a hollow in the centre for the eggs.
The breeding season extends over February to May, and Davison also found them breeding in the Western Nilgiris in October, November and December. In the Nelliampathy Hills Kinloch found eggs from February to October, while in Travancore Stewart, and Bour¬dillon took them from March to July. In Poona they breed more or less throughout the year, but principally in March and April.
The normal clutch is undoubtedly three to five eggs. Stewart, who saw a very large number of nests, sent me one clutch of seven as something most unusual, and says four or five is normal. Kinloch found three eggs most often, though once he obtained ten eggs from a nest, possibly the produce of two females. Davidson in Khandesh never found more than four.
On the other hand, many observers talk of much, larger clutches. Miss Cockburn leads the way with “seven to thirteen” ; Davison “6 to 10” ; Jerdon 7 to 10. Probably all these estimates are made from native statements and are not worthy of much credence.
The eggs are like all other fowls’ eggs, hut it is not very unusual to find on the surface a few dark freckles of light brown, dark brown or reddish-brown. Such markings are exceptional, more numerous than they are in the eggs of the Red Jungle-fowl, but much less so than they are among the eggs of the Ceylon Jungle-fowl.
Sixty eggs average 46.3 x 36.5 mm. : maxima 51.0 x 36.1 and 49.0 x 38.0 mm. ; minima 43.0 x 34.3 and 40.1 x 33.1 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1905. Gallus sonneratii
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Grey Jungle Fowl
Grey Junglefowl
Gallus sonneratii
Vol. 4
Term name: 

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