Gallus sonnerati

Gallus sonnerati, Tem.

813. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 539 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 5 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol, IX, p. 421; Game Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 231 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 131.


Jangli Murghi, Hin.

Length, 28 to 32 ; expanse, 27 to 31; wing, 9.35 to 9.65 ; tail, 14 to 16 ; tarsus, 2.85 to 3; bill from gape, 1.3; weight, 1 10/16, to 2 1/2 lbs.

Length, 18 to 20; expanse, 26 to 27 ; wing, 7.8 to 8.3 ; tail, 6 to 7 ; tarsus, 2.2 to 2.5 ; bill from gape, 1.2 ; weight, 1 9/16 to 1 3/4 lbs.

Bill yellowish-horny; comb, face, and wattles red; irides orange-brown; legs and feet horny-yellowish. Whole head and neck, with the hackles, blackish-grey, with yellow spots, each feather being blackish with the shaft white and two spots, the terminal one of somewhat square form, as if a drop of yellow sealing wax; the other whitish, passing on the wing-coverts into oblong spots of glistening wood-brown; ear-coverts pale rufous; the rest of the plumage above and below blackish-grey, the feathers white shafted, and those on the flanks broadly centred and tipped with wood-brown; outermost primaries dusky, with the shaft and narrow edge pale; the others black, faintly glossed; upper tail-coverts glossy purple ; central tail-feathers glossy-green, the gloss diminishing on the lateral feathers ; vent dirty-brownish ; under tail-coverts glossy black with white shafts.

The hen is mottled brown above, with pale shafts on the wing-coverts; beneath blackish-brown, the feathers broadly centred with pure white, passing into plain dull brown on the flanks, thigh-coverts, vent, and under tail-coverts; head and neck rufous-brown, paler on the chin and throat, and somewhat yellowish ; primaries dark brown, the secondaries mottled brown ; tail blackish-brown, edged with mottled-brown.

The Grey Jungle Fowl is a common permanent resident all along the Sahyadri Range, and in the adjoining forests, including the hilly parts of Ratnagiri and Belgaum ; it is also common on Mount Aboo, and indeed all along the Aravelli Range at all events as far as Erinpoora, where I have myself obtained it. It breeds during May and June, the eggs being deposited on the ground under a bush ; there is not much nest to speak of, only a few dry leaves. I have never found more than six eggs in a nest; they are oval in shape, pointed at one end, coarse in texture and closely pitted all over like the eggs of guinea fowl. They are creamy or of a rich cafe-au-lait color, most of them spotted or speckled with brownish red. They measure 1.84 inches in length by 1.38 in breadth.

Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Gallus sonnerati
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Page No: 
Common name: 
Grey Jungle Fowl
Grey Junglefowl
Gallus sonneratii
Term name: 

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