31. Gallus ferrugineus.
THE RED JUNGLE-FOWL.
Ferrugineus = of the colour of iron-dust, dusky, jungli-moorghi, Ban-moorghi, Upper India; Bunkokra, Sundarbans; Natsu-pia (Bhutia); Pazoktchi, Sikkim; Gera-gogor, Gondwara; Lall, Chanda; Taugyet, Burma; Ayamootan, Malay; Kura, Chittagong.
Male 25" to 28", tail from vent 11" to 14"; 1 3/4 to 2 1/4 lbs. Female 16" to 18", tail from vent 5 1/2" to 6 1/2"; 1 1/8. to 1 5/8 lbs. Tail of fourteen feathers. Bill and legs slaty brown.— Male: Flesh comb with serrated margin and wattles red. Gold hackles on head, neck, and breast, with black shaft streaks. Ear-coverts white. Back purple. Sides and upper tail-coverts orange. Inner quills of wing margined chestnut on outer web. Tail and wing-coverts black, glossed green. Below black. —Female: Yellow, minutely mottled dark brown, with white shaft streaks. Red throat line passing up behind ear. No comb or wattles. Tail dark brown, mottled at edges with buff. Below rufous, with pale shafts. In June hackles and long tail-feathers are moulted, and replaced by short black feathers, to be renewed again in the second moult in September. The natural range is throughout the Himalayas, from Assam to Kashmir, Malay, Sumatra, Siam, and Cochin China. Forsyth shows that their limit coincides with that of the sal tree. Five or six eggs (1.78 x 1.36), yellowish brown (see illustration of foot, p. 29). (J. 812. B. 1328, 0. 78. O.G. ii. 48, H. & M. i. 217.)