(1941) Galloperdix spadicea stewarti*
THE TRAVANCORE RED SPUR-FOWL.
Galloperdix spadicea stewarti Stuart Baker, Bull. B. O. C, xl, p. 18 (1919) (Aneichardi, Travancore). Galloperdix spadicea, Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 106 (part.).
Vernacular names. Saravoo Koli, Chakutti-Koli (Tam., Travancore).
Description.— Adult male. Similar to G. s. spadicea but much more richly coloured; the crown is almost black and the whole of the upper parts are a bright chestnut-rufous, the pale borders to the feathers being absent or obsolete, the vermiculations on the lower back entirely absent and on the rump and upper tail-coverts almost so; below-, the chestnut is very rich and extends to the vent.
Colours of soft parts as in the preceding bird.
Measurements. Wing 145 to 161 mm.
Female differs from that of the typical form in being much more richly and brightly coloured. Measurements 148 to 150 mm.
Distribution. Central and South Travancore only, between the foot-hills and 4,000 feet.
Nidification. This race breeds principally from January to March but Bourdillon found eggs as late as August. They breed from the foot-hills up to about 3,500 feet but the great majority of birds between 1,500 and 2,500 feet. The normal full clutch of eggs is three. Thirty-six eggs average 41.3 x 30.4 mm.: maxima 42.3 x 30.1 and 40.8 x 31.3 mm.; minima 38.1 x 29.2 and 39.0 x 28.7 mm.
Habits. Those of the species. They appear, however, to be more frequenters of evergreen-forest than the other races are.