Galloperdix lunulatus, Valenc.
815. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 543; Butler, Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 422 ; Game Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 255.
THE PAINTED SPUE FOWL.
Length, 12 to 13.6; expanse, 17.5 to 18.5 ; wing, 5.75 to 6.2; tail, 4.3 to 5 ; bill from gape, 0.8 to 0.9 ; weight, 8 to 10 oz.
Bill blackish-horny, paler beneath ; irides dark-brown ; legs and feet plumbeous.
Male, head, face, and neck variegated black and white, the feathers being black with white streaks and triangular spots, the head mostly black; the upper plumage and wings rich chesnut, with spots on the back, sides of neck,, shoulders and wing-coverts ; primaries earthy-brown ; tail dark sepia-brown, glossed with green in old birds ; beneath the throat and neck are variegated black and white, changing on the breast to ochreous-buff, with small triangular black marks, which disappear on the abdomen; the flanks, thigh-coverts, and under tail-coverts dull chesnut.
The female has the top of the head dusky, with the forehead over the eye, and the nape, tinged with chesnut; a pale ruff and moustachial line; the rest of the plumage dull olive-brown, changing to ochreous-olive on the breast and abdomen.
Young males have the general plumage of female, with the tertiaries and tail chesnut brown, with black bands.
Young females have blackish lunulations on part of their plumage.
The male has from one to three spurs on each leg, generally two on each, occasionally three on one and two on the other.
The female has usually at least one spur on each leg, occasionally two, very rarely none at all.
The Painted Spur Fowl is rare in the Deccan ; indeed it has only, I believe, been procured once, about 40 miles north-east of Belgaum ; one was shot by General Nuttal about 35 miles from Neemuch, Central India, the skin of which is now in my possession, but the Red Spur Fowl is much the commonest of the two species.