1944. Galloperdix bicalcarata

(1944) Galloperdix bicalcarata (Forst.).
THE Ceylon SPUR-FOWL.
Galloperdix bicalcarata, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v, p, 363.
This Spur-Fowl is confined to Ceylon, where it is found throughout the well-forested areas with a good rainfall. It is common in the South-Western portion of the island, almost equally so in the West and East, hut does not occur in the drier areas of the North-West and North-East.
Legge says it “frequents tangled brakes, thickets in damp forests near rivers, jungle over hill-sides, and in fact any kind of cover which will afford it entire concealment.”
It occurs from the foot-hiils up to some 4,500 or 3,000 feet, and in some places extends a certain distance into the plains.
The breeding habits are much the same as those of other Spur- Fowls. Legge wrote to Hume informing him that “The nesting season of G. bicalcaratus would seem to extend over a considerable period, as I have had fledged young brought to me at the latter end of May and have taken the eggs myself on the 7th July in the same district, the Southern Province.
“The nest is situated in the forest or in thick jungle under the shelter of a rock or near the projecting root of a, large tree. It is merely a slight hollow scraped, in the ground, with one or two dead leaves in the bottom to serve as a lining. I am unable to state what the average number of eggs in a clutch is.”
The breeding season is evidently very prolonged as, in addition to what is recorded above, Hart found eggs in February, May and October, Jenkins took eggs for me in March and June, while Wait says that the breeding season appears to be from November to March and occasionally again in July and August.
The number of eggs laid is two or three, generally the former and perhaps, very exceptionally, four. Legge had only two eggs brought to him, but the natives told him they laid up to four.
Hart says they lay four to six eggs but does not say he ever found that number, and Wait also says that usually only two eggs are laid. They agree well with the eggs of other Spur-Fowl, and eighteen eggs measured by myself average 40.6 x 29.7 mm., but Wait gives the average as 40.0 x 29.0 mm. The biggest eggs in my own series measure only 42.1 x 30.4 and 30.0 x 33.0 mm. ; minima 38.0 x 28.4 and 39.4 x 28.3 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1944. Galloperdix bicalcarata
Spp Author: 
Forst.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1944
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
230
Common name: 
Ceylon Spur Fowl
M_ID: 
1464
M_CN: 
Sri Lanka Spurfowl
M_SN: 
Galloperdix bicalcarata
Volume: 
Vol. 4
id: 
15124

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