Genus CAPELLA

Genus CAPELLA.

Capella Frenzel, Beschr. Vog. Wittenberg, p. 58 (1801).

Type by mon., Scolopax gallinago Linn.

The true Snipes differ from the Woodcocks, Scolopax, in having a denser, harder plumage with a portion of the tibia bare, instead of feathered throughout; the wing is longer in proportion and less rounded; like the preceding genus the sternum has two emarginations; the head has longitudinal streaks instead of bars and the scapulars streaks instead of blotches; the tail-feathers vary greatly, from 14 to 16 in the Common Snipe to 26 in the Pintail Snipe; in all the tail is more or less fan-shaped but the actual shape of the feathers varies greatly in breadth.

The genus contains a great number of species which are cosmo¬politan. Six species are known to visit India, some in enormous numbers, others only very rarely.

Key to Species.

A. Wing exceeding 150mm.; borders of scapulars white……………..C. solitaria, p. 257.
B. Wing under 150 mm,; borders of scapulars buff or rufous.
a. Distance between tip of shortest secondary and that of longest primary not exceeding 55 mm……………..C, nemoricola, p. 255.
b. Distance between tip of shortest secondary and that of longest primary exceeding 55 mm.
a1. Outer tail-feathers narrow and stiff and under 7.5 mm. broad. a2. Tail-feathers 26 in number, the eight outer on each side less than 5 mm. broad…………….C. stenura, p. 263.
b2. Tail-feathers 20, the six outer on each side less than 7.5 mm. broad……………..C megala, p. 264.
b1. Outer tail-feathers not narrow or stiff.
c2. Three outer pairs of tail-feathers marked with dusky spots and bars……………..C. gallinago, p. 259.
d2. Three outer pairs of tail-feathers pure white……………..C. media, p. 261,

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Reference: 
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.6 1929.
Title in Book: 
Genus CAPELLA
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Year: 
1929
Page No: 
254
M_ID: 
4207
M_SN: 
Gallinago
Volume: 
Vol. 6
Term name: 
id: 
5077

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith