Genus GALLINAGO

The Snipes are distinguished from the Woodcocks by a different kind of plumage, and especially by having longitudinal pale bands on the head and scapulars, instead of the transverse head-markings and blotched scapulars of Scolopax. The lower part of the tibia is bare; but in this respect there is a gradual passage into the feathered tibia of the Woodcock. The number of tail-feathers varies from 12 to 28.

The Jack-Snipe, G. gallinula, with only 12 tail-feathers and 4 emarginations instead of 2 in the sternum, is by many regarded as forming a distinct genus, Lymnocryptes, About 20 species of Snipes are known, of these 5 are Indian.

Key to the Species.

a. A pale median band on crown; bill exceeding 2.5.
a1. Distance, between tip of shortest second¬ary and that of longest primary not ex¬ceeding 2 in.; abdomen barred throughout…………………………G. nemoricola, p. 285.
b1. Tip of shortest secondary short of longest primary by more than 2 in.; abdomen, with rare exceptions, not barred.
a2. Wing 5 to 5.5; borders of scapulars buff.
a3. Tail-feathers 14-16; broad white tips to secondaries…………………………G. coelestis, p. 286.
b3. Tail-feathers about 26 ; narrow white tips to secondaries or none…………………………G. stenura, p. 289.
b2. Wing 6.25 to 6.75; borders of scapulars white…………………………G. solitaria, p. 290.
b. No pale median band on crown; bill about 1.75…………………………G. gallinula, p. 292.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
Genus GALLINAGO
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1898
Page No: 
285
M_ID: 
4207
M_SN: 
Gallinago
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
2139

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