187. Gallinago stenura.
THE PINTAIL SNIPE.
Chaha, N. W. P.; Bharka, Nepal; Chegga, Lower Bengal; Cherayga, Assam; Cheklonbi, Manipur; Tibud, Ratnagiri; Oolan, India; Birku, Malaya; Kaswatua, Ceylon.
Male 9 3/4" to 10"; 4 oz. Female 10" to 11 1/4"; 4 1/5 oz. Legs grey-green. Bill 2 1/2", red-brown. Like G. caelestis, in colour, but duller. No transverse marks on outer primaries. Outer web of first primary brown. Outer tail stiffened (see illustration, p. 9). Normally twenty-six tail-feathers (ten soft and broad in centre and eight narrow, stiff ones on each side). The side pin feathers vary from six to nine on each side and are slightly curved, from 1 1/2" to 1 3/4" long, of a dusky colour, with yellow tips, and less than 1/5" wide (see illustration.) Under wing-coverts and axillaries richly barred dusky and white.
Breeds far north in E. Siberia, and migrates in winter to S.E. Asia and the Malay Archipelago. Arrives in India and leaves later than G. caelestis. In 1889 first bird was reported on 17th August. Common in S. India, Ceylon, and Burma. (J. 870. B. 1485. H. & M. iii. 339.)
Also G. megala. Male 9 1/2". Female 10 1/2". With central tail of six feathers and seven outer ones on each side attenuated and less than 1/3" in width. From E. Siberia, migrating south by Japan and China to the Philippines and the Moluccas.