1054. Gallinago stenura

1054. PIN-TAILED SNIPE.
GALLINAGO STENURA.
Gallinago stenura (Kuhl), fide Bp. Ann. Stor. Nat. Bologna, iv. fasc. xiv. p. 335 (1830) ; David und Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 478 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 619 ; (Seebohm), B. Jap. Emp. p. 345 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 959 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 289 ; Dresser, Ibis, 1802, p. 179, pl. vi. figs. 3, 6 (eggs).
Male ad. (N. Siberia). Differs from G. coelestis in having normally 26 tail-feathers, the 10 middle ones broad, and the rest shorter, very narrow and stiff, the wing lining and axillaries more broadly barred, the bill not so broad at the point, and the white margins to the secondaries narrower or obsolete. Culmen 2.35, wing 4.8, tail 1.8, tarsus 1.25 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. Siberia, west to the Yenesei valley, and has been recorded from Japan ; in winter is found in China, Corea, India, Ceylon, and the Malay archipelago.
In habits it much resembles G. coelestis but owing to its beak being less sensitive it probes less and feeds more on insects, grubs, crustacea, &c., than worms, is more often found on dry grass and stubbles, and its cry is somewhat dissimilar, and sharper. Its flight is heavier and more like that of G. major, and its drumming sounds like bubbling water, and is continued longer than that of G. coelestis. It breeds on the Yenesei in about 65° 40' N. lat., its nest being similar to that of G. coelestis, but its 4 eggs are larger, more profusely marked, especially at the larger end, and have the ground-colour as in those of G. major. In size they average 1.65 by 1.18.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1054. Gallinago stenura
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1054
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
761
Common name: 
Pin Tailed Snipe
M_ID: 
4213
M_CN: 
Pin-tailed Snipe
M_SN: 
Gallinago stenura
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10653

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