190. Gallinago nemoricola.
Male 11 1/2" to 12 1/2"; 5 to 6 oz. Female 13"; 7 oz. Legs green. Bill 2 2/3", red-brown.
Top of head and back black, marked rufous-grey. Breast ashy. Margins of scapulars rufous. Outer margin of first three primaries nearly uniform with rest of feathers. Abdomen, vent, and lower tail-coverts closely barred. Tail of eighteen feathers (six central broad, the next two on each side intermediate, and the outer four on each side very narrow). Silent as it rises. Home in the Himalayas from Dalhousie to Sikkim, also Assam and Burma hills. A winter visitor to hills of S. India. Four eggs (1.7 x 1.25), green, spotted red. (J. 868. B. 1483. H. & M. iii. 325.)
Also with no rufous terminal tail-band. Abdomen and breast distinctly barred all over. Pale median crown-band:—
G. gigantea. 19". The largest of the Snipes. Bill 4 1/2" to 5 1/5". Primaries and secondaries barred on both webs. Back with pale margins to scapulars and secondaries, imparting broadly streaked appearance above. From Brazil and Paraguay.
G. undulata. 14". Of the same group as G. gigantea. Bill 3 4/5" to 4 1/5". Apparently confined to Guiana,
Also with primaries of uniform colour:—
G. stricklandi. 13 1/2". Bill 3 1/3". Black markings on upper surface in bars. Wing-coverts thickly barred. Centre of breast and abdomen sandy, without bars. Axillaries sandy. From S. of S. America.
G. jamesoni. 12". Bill 3 1/3". Centre of breast barred. Below and axillaries dull white. From N.W. of S. America.
G. aucklandica, 8 1/2", bill 2 1/4", black markings above as subterminal spots, from Auckland Islands; and the two subspecies— G. huegeli, 9", from Snares Island; and G. pusilla, 7 1/2", from Chatham Islands.
G. imperialis. 11". Bill 3 1/2". With entire upper surface barred rufous and black. Breast and abdomen white, barred black. From Colombia. (B.M. Cat., xxiv. 658-665.)
No median pale band on the crown.