Gallinago nemoricola, Hodgs.
868. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 672 ; Butler, Deccan ; Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 428; Game Birds of India, Vol. III, p. 325.
THE WOOD SNIPE.
Length, 11.0 to 12.5 ; expanse, 18.0 to 19.75 ; wing, 5.4 to 5.7; tail, 2.5 to 2.9 ; tarsus, 1.41 to 1.49 ; bill from gape, 4.9 to 6.1.
Bill varies from drab to reddish-fleshy, tipped blackish-brown ; irides hazel to deep brown ; legs bluish-grey to greenish.
Top of the head black, with rufous-yellow longish markings; upper part of back, black, the feathers margined with pale rufous-yellow, and often smeared bluish; scapulars the same, some of them with zigzag markings; long dorsal plumes black with zigzag markings of rufous-grey, as are most of the wing-coverts; winglet and primary-coverts dusky-black, faintly edged whitish; quills dusky; lower back and upper tail-coverts barred reddish and dusky ; tail with the central feathers black at the base, chesnut with dusky bars towards the tip ; laterals dusky with whitish-bars; beneath, the chin white, the sides of the neck ashy, smeared with buff and blackish ; breast ashy, smeared with buff and obscurely barred; the rest of the lower plumage, with the thigh-coverts, whitish, with numerous dusky bars; lower tail-coverts rufescent, with dusky marks, and the under wing-coverts barred black and whitish.
The Wood Snipe is an extremely rare cold weather visitant to parts of the Deccan..