Fulmarus glacialis (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 213 (1766) ; (Naum.), x. p. 589, Taf. 276 ; (Hewitson), ii. p. 512, pl. cxliv. fig. 2 ; (Gould), B. of E. v. pl. 446 ; (id.), B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 52 ; Dresser, viii. p. 535, pl. 617 ; Salvin, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. p. 425 ; Ridgway, p. 57 ; Lilford, iv. p. 150, pl. 65 ; F. minor (Kjaerb.), J. f. O. 1854, p. lix. ; Ridgway, p. 57.
Petrel Fulmar, French ; Eis-Sturmvogel, German ; Noordsche- Stormvogel, Dutch ; Filungr, Fill, Icel. ; Is-Stormfugl, Dan. ; Stormfugl, Havhest, Norweg. ; Stormfagel, Swed.
Male ad. (St. Kilda). Head, neck, and under parts white, the throat slightly tinged with yellow ; a dark spot in front of the eye ; upper parts blue-grey, darker on the wings and fading to greyish white on the tail ; culmen to nares sea-green ; nasal tube blackish olivaceous, rest of the bill greenish yellow (the whole bill sometimes dark) ; legs delicate French-grey ; iris dark hazel-brown. Culmen 1.8, wing 13.0, tail 5.2, tarsus 2.05 inch. This species has a dark phase of plumage in which the general colour is dull ashy grey, the under parts paler, as well as a much lighter form in which the mantle is nearly as light as the belly.
Hab. North Atlantic Ocean.
Essentially an oceanic bird the Fulmar is rarely seen near land except during the breeding season, or when driven in by stress of weather. It frequently attends fishermen when the lines are being hauled in, to share in the spoil, and is seldom molested by them. It breeds on high cliffs skirting the ocean, the nest being a hollow in the ground scantily lined with grass, and in May a single egg is deposited, which is white, rather rough in texture of shell, with a strong musky smell, and measures about 2.89 by 2.0.
1182. Fulmarus glacialis