1208. Fratercula corniculata

1208. HORNED PUFFIN.
FRATERCULA CORNICULATA.
Fratercula corniculata (Naum.), Isis, 1821, p. 782, Taf. vii. figs. 3, 4 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 280 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1248 ; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 620 ; Bidgway, p. 11.
Etopirika, Jap.
Male ad. (Kuriles). Differs from F. arctica in having the sides of the head white, a narrow grey stripe behind the eye, the forehead and crown blackish grey, the black collar on the neck extended up to the chin ; a blackish elongated horn on the upper eyelid ; tip of bill to between the 2nd and 3rd groove red, basal part pale chrome-yellow ; swollen angle of gape and inside of mouth orange ; legs orange-red ; iris brownish grey ; naked ring round the eye deep orange. Gape 1.5, height of bill at base¬ 1.8, wing 7.3, tail 2.6, tarsus 1.2. Sexes alike. In winter the sides of the head are ashy grey, and the superciliary horns and basal shields on the bill fall off.
Hab. North Pacific, north to 71° in the Arctic Ocean ; Kamchatka, the Commander and Kurile Islands, the Sea of Ochotsk, Alaska, and British Columbia.
In habits and nidification it does not differ from F. arctica, and its eggs are undistinguishable from those of that species. In both Lunda and Fratercula the young birds resemble the adult in winter dress, but have a smaller bill, and the young in down are dark sooty brown with white or whitish bellies.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1208. Fratercula corniculata
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1208
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
873
Common name: 
Horned Puffin
M_ID: 
4762
M_CN: 
Horned Puffin
M_SN: 
Fratercula corniculata
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10379

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