Fratercula arctica (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 211 (1766) ; (Naum.), xii. p. 577, Taf. 335 ; (Hewitson), ii. p. 466, pl. cxxvii fig. 2 ; Gould, B. of Gt. Brit. v. p. 51 ; Dresser, viii. p. 599, pl. 625 ; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 616 ; Saunders, p. 707 ; Bidgway, p. 11 ; Lilford, vi. p. 96, pl. 43 ; Mormon fratercula, Temm. Man. d’Orn, p. 614 (1815) ; Gould, B. of E v. pl. 403 ; F. glacialis, Steph, in Shaw’s Gen. Zool. xiii. part 1, p. 40, pl. iv. fig. 2 (1826).
Macareux, French ; Papagaio do mar, Portug. ; Frailecillo, Span. ; Polcinella di mare, Ital. ; Arktischer Lund, German ; Seepapagei, Dutch ; Lundi, Icel. ; So-papagoie, Dan. ; Lundefugl, Norweg. ; Lunnefogel, Swed.
Male ad. (Greenland). Crown brownish black ; sides of head to above the eye, chin, and upper throat ashy grey ; neck collar narrowing to a thin band in front, back and upper parts, wings and tail deep Mack, the upper parts glossed with purple ; under parts white ; bill in spring and summer livid blue, the upper ridge and those crossing the bill orange-red, the fleshy part round the gape orange, the ridge at the base tinged with green ; legs bright orange ; iris grey ; a fleshy patch above and below the eye lead-blue. Gape 1.55, height of bill at base 1.5, wing 6.7, tail 2.0, tarsus 1.15 inch.
Hab. Both sides of the North Atlantic, north to Greenland, east to Novara Zemlya, breeding as far south as the north of France ; in winter ranging south to the Canaries.
Essentially an ocean bird the Puffin only seen near the land during the breeding season. It swims well and buoyantly, and flies swiftly. It dives with ease, feeding on small fish and mollusca, which it obtains by diving. It breeds in May, deposit¬ing in holes in the ground or crevices in the rocks, a single egg, which is dull white with a rough surface, sometimes marked with pale brown, and measures about 2.50 by 1.61.
1207. Fratercula arctica