Ortyx = the Quail, in classical Greek; from the root of verto = l turn, from its whirling flight. Cf. Sanskrit vartakas=a Quail, vart = to roll. =a bird.
Tip of bill well turned over. Included by Blanford and Ogilvie-Grant under Francolinus, but herein separated to include those species which want the defined row of rufous spots on both webs of primaries. The feathers of the back and scapulars with or without white or buff shaft streaks.
(ii.) With no defined row of buff spots on both primaries. Back and scapulars with white or buff shaft streaks. Breast and flanks buff, uniformly barred black.