Rich spotted plumage, Tail of fourteen feathers, even or rounded, rather more than half the length of the wing. First primary between seventh and tenth (three and four longest). Two exceptions— F. squamatus and F. schuetti— where first primary is shorter than tenth. Throat feathered. Sexes usually similar. —Male: Without spurs, or with one pair, or with two pairs. Old females sometimes with blunt tubercles. From Cyprus to China, including Ceylon. Here restricted to three species (originally of African descent), which have a well-defined row of rufous or buff spots on both webs of the primary flight-feathers, and a black tail more or less barred with white.
(i.) With defined row of rufous spots on both webs of primaries.