Genus FRANCOLINUS

Tail of 14 feathers, slightly rounded, rather more than half as long as the wing; the 3rd or 4th quill longest, 5th and 6th nearly as long. Tarsus usually spurred in males. Sexes similar or dissimilar.

The Indian birds included in the present genus by Mr. Ogilvie Grant, whom I have followed, have been by most ornithologists divided between two genera, Francolinus and Ortygornis, the Grey and Kyah Partridges being referred to the latter, which is distinguished by having the sexes alike, by different plumage, voice, and habits. But the sexes are similar in Francolinus pictus, the habits of the two species referred to Ortygornis have nothing in common, and there are African forms that tend to connect all the Indian species with each other. The great majority of the 42 species referred to Francolinus are African, but five species are found in India or Burma, and some of them range over a great part of Southern Asia,

Key to the Species.

a. Quills transversely barred or spotted with buff on both webs.
a1. Scapulars with a conspicuous buff sub-marginal band.
a2. A chestnut collar in males and nuchal patch in females…………………….F. vulgaris, p. 135.
b2. No chestnut on neck…………………….F. pictus, p. 137.
b1. No submarginal buff band on scapulars…………………….F. chinensis, p. 138.
b. Quills without transversely elongate spots or bars.
c1. Breast buff, with narrow black cross-bars…………………….F. pondicerianus, p. 139.
d1. Breast brown, with broad longitudinal white stripes…………………….F. gularis, p. 141.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
Genus FRANCOLINUS
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1898
Page No: 
1
M_ID: 
1173
M_SN: 
Francolinus
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
1950

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