Francolinus pictus, Jard. & Selb.
819. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 561 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 6 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 422 ; Game Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 19 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India ; Ibis, 1885, p. 131.
THE PAINTED PARTRIDGE:
Length, 11 to 13 ; expanse, 17 to 19.5 ; wing, 5.3 to 5.8 ; tail, 2.6 to 3.55 ; tarsus, 1.5 to 1.75 ; bill from gape, 1 to 1.13 ; weight, 8 5/16 to 12 7/16, oz.
Bill blackish, paler at base beneath ; irides deep brown ; legs reddish or yellowish-red.
Neither sex have spurs.
Forehead, lores, face, broad supercilium, and ear-coverts ferruginous-chesnut; the top of the head dark brown with pale edgings, the neck all round pale ferruginous ; the upper part of the back and scapulars deep brown ; the feathers edged laterally with creamy white, and this gradually passing into the markings of the wings, which are chesnut with black bands ; the lower back, rump, and upper tail-coverts, are beautifully marked with undulating lines of black and white; tail deep brown, the feathers finely cross-barred at their base ; beneath, the throat is white, with longitudinal dark lines ; the whole of the rest of the lower surface variegated black and white, each feather being white with two dark cross-bands, and the shaft and tip black ; these dark bands gradually narrow towards the vent; under tail-coverts chesnut; feathers of the flanks and sides of the rump are tinged with pale ferruginous.
The female differs in having a somewhat ferruginous tinge beneath, and in the throat being more or less rufous.
With the exception of Sind, the Painted Partridge occurs in all suitable localities throughout our limits. It is a permanent resident, breeding towards the middle of the rains. The eggs, six or eight in number, are somewhat peg-top shape, and are smoky-white in color. They measure 1.4 inches in length by 1.18 in breadth.