1979. Francolinus pictus pictus

(1079) Francolinus pictus pictus (Jard. & Selby).
THE SOUTHERN PAINTED PARTRIDGE.
Francolinus pictus pictus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v. p. 412.
The Southern Painted Partridge is found in Ceylon and Southern India. On the West it occurs as far North as Khandesh and thence South of a line drawn to Raipur, from which again it extends to Chandra and into Bihar. In Ceylon Wait says that it is confined to the Uva Basin and to the Eastern and South-Eastern slopes of the hills.
The haunts of the Painted Partridge are not unlike those of the Black Partridge but, whereas the latter likes thick cover, damp if possible, the former likes very dry jungle and does not mind it being thin and scanty. It never enters the dense forest on the Western coast but, wherever cultivation has taken the place of forest and grass has later grown up over the abandoned areas, there, almost to a certainty, the Painted Partridge will sooner or later put in an appearance. Its favourite haunts are patches of short grass or thin scrub in broken stony plateaux and plains, with scattered trees here and there on which they can perch. For breeding purposes they also often select patches or strips of grass and scrub in between cultivated fields while, occasionally, the nests have been seen in crops of grain.
The nests themselves are the primitive affairs of the genus but are often placed under the protection of a bush and fairly well hidden. As a rule there is a hollow of some kind but often the eggs are laid on the bare ground, the fallen debris alone saving them from rolling about.
Throughout its habitat this Partridge appears to breed only after the break of the monsoon, i. e., the end of June, and thence onwards to the end of September, In and around Trimulgherry Sparrow found a number of nests in July and August, and Vidal obtained others near Sholapur in September. In Ceylon, according to Wait, “it breeds apparently about Xmas, making a grass nest in a hollow under a bush or tuft of grass.”
The number of eggs laid in a clutch is three to six and even six seems unusual, though collectors talk about seven and eight.
Personally I have never seen more than six, though the larger numbers may occasionally be laid.
The eggs are of the same type as those of the Black Partridges, broad, often pointed ovals, of hard texture with fine glossy surfaces. They are much paler, however, and are generally a very pale olive grey or olive-drab with a decided yellowish tinge in many cases.
All the eggs in Hume’s series are those of the Northern race, pallidus, and I have only obtained the measurements of fifteen eggs of the Southern race, which average 35.9 x 30.9 mm. : maxima 37.8 x 31.9 and 36.5 x 32.0 mm. ; minima 33.6 x 28.4 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1979. Francolinus pictus pictus
Spp Author: 
Jard.&selby.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1979
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
262
Common name: 
Sourn Painted Partridge
M_ID: 
1183
M_SN: 
Francolinus pictus pictus
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
15166

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith