1376. Francolinus gularis.
The Kyah or Swamp-Partridge.
Perdix gularis, Temm. Pig. et Gall, iii, pp. 401, 731 (1815); Gray in Hardw. Ill. Ind. Zool. i, pl. 56, fig. 1 ; Blyth, Cat. p. 251. Francolinus gularis, G. B. Gray, List Sp. B. iii, p. 34; Ogilvie Grant, Ibis, 1802, p. 46 ; id. Cat. B. M. xxii, p. 158. Ortygornis gularis, Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 572 ; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. 2, p. 273 ; xiv. pt. 2, p. 83 ; Hume & Marsh. Game B. ii, p. 59, pl. ; Hume, Cat. no. 823; Hume & Inglis, S. F. ix, p. 258; Hume & Cripps, S. F. xi, p. 305 ; Oates in Hume's N. & B. iii, p. 437.
Kyah, Khyr, Kaijah, Beng.; Koi, Koera, Assam ; Bhil-titar, Cachar.
Coloration. Crown and nape brown ; superciliary stripe and a broader band below the eye and ear-coverts whitish buff; a brown band through the eye including the ear-coverts; upper parts brown, more rufous in patches, marked throughout with transverse black-edged buff bars ; scapulars, tertiaries, and wing-coverts with whitish shafts; primaries brown, passing into chestnut towards the base ; secondaries the same, but the inner quills becoming barred with buff like the upper parts; middle tail-feathers brownish, mottled with black, and with traces of buff cross-bands, outer tail-feathers dull brownish chestnut with pale tips ; chin, throat, and fore neck ferruginous red ; rest of lower parts brown with broad white streaks or dashes, edged with black, and increasing in breadth behind, occupying the middle of each feather; lower tail-coverts pale rufous, feathers around vent still paler. Sexes alike, but the male is distinguished by having a spur on each tarsus.
Bill blackish ; irides brown ; legs dull red (Jerdon).
Length about 15 ; tail 4.25 ; wing 7.25 ; tarsus 2.25 ; bill from gape 1. Females are rather less.
Distribution. The alluvial plain of the Ganges and Brahmaputra, from the extremity of Assam and Cachar to the N. W. Provinces (Pilibhit), but not in the Sundarbans. Godwin-Austen notices the occasional occurrence of this Partridge on the Khasi plateau.
Habits, &c. The Kyah is found in high-grass jungle and cane brakes, chiefly near the edges of rivers and jheels, and may bo met with in cultivation on the borders of grass jungle when feeding in the mornings and evenings. The call of this fine Partridge resembles that of the last species. Very little is known of the breeding; five pale creamy (cafe-au-lait), slightly speckled eggs were taken by Mr. Rainey in Jessore on April 13th on the ground in grass jungle, in a rather neatly constructed grass nest. These eggs measure about 1.47 by 1.2. Five eggs, half incubated, were also taken by Mr. Cripps in Assam on April 12th.
This bird is usually shot from elephants, but I have shot it on foot in grass 3 or 4 feet high near Colgong. For the table it much resembles F. pondicerianus.