73. Francolinus vulgaris.
THE COMMON FRANCOLIN or BLACK MEADOW-PARTRIDGE.
Kala-titur, India,; Kais-titur, Nepal; Tetra, Garhwal; Vrembi, Manipur; Taroo, Afghanistan.
Male 12 3/4" to 14 1/2"; 10 to 20 oz. female 12 1/4" to 14"; 8 to 17 oz. Legs yellow. Bill black. Spurs in both sexes.— Male: Head black. White ear-patch. Chestnut collar. Upper back and sides of breast black, with white spots on each web. Lower back, rump, upper tail-coverts, and tail black, with narrow white bars.— Female: Plumage below buff, with black spots arrow-shaped. Chestnut patch on back of neck. Bump and tail brown, with dark-edged buff bars. Throughout N. and W. India to Assam, but not E. or S. of Manipur. Persia, very common on the banks of the Tigris, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and Cyprus. Six to ten eggs (1.56 x 1.28), stone colour. Monogamous and pairs for life. Roosts on the ground, and but rarely perches on trees. (J. 818. B. 1372. O. 33. O.G. i. 103. H. & M. ii. 9.)