571. Cyornis sapphira

571. Cyornis sapphira.

The Sapphire-headed Flycatcher.

Muscicapula sapphira, Tickell, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xii, p. 939 (1843) ; Jerd. Ill. Ind. Orn. pi. 32 ; Blyth, Cat. p. 173; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 295; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 471; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iv. p. 203; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 619; Hume, Cat. no. 312. Siphia superciliaris apud Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xlv, pt. ii, p. 201.

Coloration. Male. Forehead, crown, nape, and upper tail-coverts bright ultramarine-blue; lores and a band from the eyes to the nostrils black ; sides of the head and neck, upper breast, back, rump, and visible portions of wing-coverts deep purplish blue; quills black, narrowly edged with blue; tail black, the outer webs suffused with bright blue; chin, throat, and upper breast chestnut; remainder of lower plumage pale bluish white ; under wing-coverts and axillaries white.

Female. Upper plumage olive-brown tinged with rufous ; the upper tail-coverts ferruginous; wing-coverts and quills dark brown, edged with rufous ; forehead and sides of the head bright fulvous-brown, with a ring of fulvous round the eye; chin, throat, and breast pale orange-chestnut; remainder of lower plumage whitish, the flanks and sides of the body tinged with fulvous ; under wing-coverts and axillaries white.

The female of this species, with its red throat and breast, cannot be confounded with the females of C. superciliaris, C. melanoleucus, or C. astigma.

The nestling is densely spotted above and on the coverts with fulvous, and mottled with brown below.

At the autumn moult young males assume the plumage of the female, but have the wings, tail, rump, and upper tail-coverts like the adult male.

Bill black; legs ashy brown; iris brown (Cockburn).

Length 4.5 ; tail 1.8 ; wing 2.3 ; tarsus .6 ; bill from gape .55.

Distribution. A permanent resident in Sikhim, probably extending into Nepal; found also in the Garo and Naga hills, and in the hills to the east of Bhamo.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
571. Cyornis sapphira
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
571
Year: 
1890
Page No: 
32
Common name: 
Sapphire Headed Flycatcher
M_ID: 
28311
M_CN: 
Sapphire Flycatcher
M_SN: 
Ficedula sapphira
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
780

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