381. Muscicapa parva

381. RED-BREASTED FLYCATCHER.
MUSCICAPA PARVA.
Muscicapa parva, Beehst. Gemeinn. Naturg. Deutschl. iv. p. 505 (1795) ; Naum. ii. p. 241, Taf. 65, fig. 3 ; Gould, B. of E. ii. pl. 64 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. ii. pl. 20 ; Newton, i. p. 224 ; Dresser, iii. p. 465, pl. 159 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. iv. p. 161 ; (Oates) F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 9.
Gobe-mouche rougeatre, French ; Pigliamosche pettirosso, Ital. ; Kleiner Fliegenschnapper, German ; Lille Fluesnapper, Dan. ; Lilla Flugsnappare, Swed. ; Malaya Mycholovka, Russ.
Male ad. (Germany). Crown, sides of head and neck, and nape ashy blue- grey, tinged with brown on the crown ; upper parts wood-brown, the upper tail-coverts blackish : wings brown, externally margined with ful¬vous, middle tail feathers and the terminal third of the rest blackish, the basal portion white ; chin, throat, and upper breast rusty orange ; rest of the under parts white, flanks washed with warm buff ; bill brown above, brownish flesh below ; legs black ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.45, wing 2.65, tail 2.15, tarsus 0.68 inch. The female has the upper parts as in the male, the crown similarly coloured to the back, and the under parts dull white, the lower throat, breast, and flanks washed with warm buff. The. young male resembles the female, but has the under parts white, slightly tinged with buff on the breast, the flanks washed with warm buff.
Hab. Central and Southern Europe, rarely straying as far north as Southern Sweden and Great Britain ; Asia as far east as the Yenesei and Turkestan ; wintering in North Africa and India.
Frequents groves and woods, especially where beech and fir-trees are intermingled, and is shy and secretive in its habits, usually frequenting the higher branches of large trees. It feeds on insects of various kinds, which it captures chiefly on the wing, and in the autumn to a small extent on berries. Its call-note is a soft hveet hveet, and its song, which is clear and sweet, resembles t hat of the Wood Wren, but is richer and fuller in tone, and may be heard from the early morn to sunset. Its nest, which is placed in the hole of a tree at from 8 to 10 feet from the ground, is constructed of moss, and scantily lined with hair, and the eggs, from 5 to 6, sometimes 7 in number, are deposited early in June, and are white, closely marked with dull light reddish buff or reddish grey, resembling dull, closely- marked eggs of E. rubecula, but are much smaller, measuring 0.7 by 0.5.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
381. Muscicapa parva
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
381
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
256
Common name: 
Red Breasted Flycatcher
M_ID: 
28254
M_CN: 
Red-breasted Flycatcher
M_SN: 
Ficedula parva
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10679

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