591. Ochromela nigrirufa.
The Black-and-Orange Flycatcher.
Saxicola nigrorufa, Jerd. Madr. Journ. L. S. x, p. 266 (1839). Ochromela nigrorufa (Jerd.), Blyth, Cat. p. 173; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 289; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 462 ; Hume, N. & F. p. 207; id. Cat. no. 300 ; Davison, S. F. x, p. 369 ; Oates in. Hume's N.& E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 14. Siphia nigrorufa (Jerd.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iv, p. 455; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 425.
Coloration. Male. Forehead, crown, nape, hind neck, lores, sides of the head, and the whole wing black, some of the coverts and inner quills very narrowly tipped with orange; remainder of the plumage rich orange, somewhat paler on the abdomen.
Female. Resembles the male, but the black is replaced by greenish brown, and the orange-coloured parts of the plumage are paler; the lores and a large space round the eye are rufous speckled with dusky, and the wings are dark brown.
I have not been able to examine a young bird of this species.
Bill black; iris dark brown; legs and feet dark plumbeous fleshy (Davison).
Length about 5; tail 2 ; wing 2.5 ; tarsus .8 ; bill from gape .6.
Distribution. The Hill-ranges of Southern India from the Wynaad to Cape Comorin at 2500 feet and upwards. This species appears to be common on the Nilgiri, the Palni, and the Assambu hills. Its occurrence in Ceylon is doubtful. Colonel McMaster is of opinion that he observed this bird at Chikalda in Berar.
Habits, &c. Breeds from April to June, constructing a large globular nest of coarse grass and fern-leaves in a clump of reeds or on the summit of a stump of a tree. The eggs, two or three in number, are greyish white marked with brownish red, and measure about .7 by .53.