56. Saxicola albicollis

56. BLACK-EARED WHEATEAR.
SAXICOLA ALEICOLLIS.
Saxicola albicollis (Vieill.), Nouv. Dict. xxi. p. 424 (1818) ; S. aurita Temm. Man. d’Orn. i. p. 241 (1820) ; Gould, B. of E. ii. pl. 92 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 304 ; S. stapazina. Dresser, ii. p. 203. pl. 23 ; S. rufescens, Savi, Orn. Tosc. i. p. 223 (1827) Naumann, xiii. p. 131, Taf. 376.
Traquet oreillard, French ; Caiada, Portug. ; Sacristan Span. ; Monachella, Ital.
Male ad. (Asia Minor). A Burrow frontal line, lores, and a large patch ex¬tending to beyond the ear-coverts, wings and wing-coverts deep black ; tail as in S oenanthe ; rest of plumage, including the throat, white ; the breast and back slightly washed with rufous ; bill and legs black ; iris brown. Culmen 0.02, wing 3.5. tail 2.65, tarsus 1.0 inch. The female has the dark portions of the plumage brownish black, the crown, nape, and back brownish grey. In the winter the white portions of the plumage are washed with rufescent isabelline.
Hab. S. Europe, Asia Minor, Palestine, Persia ; Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, and Arabia, migrating further south in winter. Does not differ in habits from S. stapazina. Its nest is con¬structed of grass-bents lined with hair and is usually placed on the ground. The eggs 4 to 5 in number are pale bluish with a zone of brown spots at the larger end and are usually deposited in May. Mr. Whitaker (Ibis, 1898, p. 625) separates under the name of S. catarinoe the western from the eastern bird, but it seems to me, without valid reason.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
56. Saxicola albicollis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
56
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
37
Common name: 
Black Eared Wheatear
M_ID: 
28238
M_CN: 
Collared Flycatcher
M_SN: 
Ficedula albicollis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10040

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