758. Falco candicans

758. Greenland Falcon.
Falco candicans, Gmel. Syst. Nat. i. p. 275 (1788) ; Naum. i. p. 269, Taf. 21 ; Gould, B. of Gt. Brit. i. pls. xiii., xiv., xv. ; Newton, i. p. 36 (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. i. p. 411 ; Dresser, vi. p. 21, pls. 368, 369 ; Saunders, p. 341 ; Lilford, i. p. 36, pl. 18 ; Falco islandicus, Lath. Ind. Orn. i. p. 32 (1790) ; Audubon, B. Am. pl. 366 ; Gould, B. of E. i. pl. 19 ; F. islandus, Ridg. p. 244 (nec. Gmel.) ; F. holboelli, Sharpe, P.Z.S. 1873, p. 415 ; (id.), Cat. B. Br. Mus. i. p. 415,, pl. xiii.
Kirksoviarsuk-kakortuinak, Greenl.
Male ad. (Greenland). General colour white, the feathers on the upper parts marked with a wide V-shaped black spot towards the tip, quills- marked with black towards the tip ; tail pure white, under parts slightly striated with black on the lower flanks ; bill yellowish, becoming horn blue towards the tip ; legs yellowish ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.3, wing 14.0, tail 8.2, tarsus 2.75 inch. Female similar but larger. The young birds are more or less striped, with broad almost drop-shaped blackish brown markings above, and the head and under parts with narrow stripes, and the tail is more or less marked with blackish brown ; bill pale horn-blue ; legs greyish blue.
Hab. Greenland, straying south to North-west Europe and Northern North America, and also found, though rarely, in Northern Asia. In habits it does not differ from F. gyrfalco, and though like that bird strong and swift on the wing it is not held in such esteem by falconers as the Gyrfalcon, though in the times when falconry was a royal sport, trained birds were of great value chiefly for their beauty. It nests on cliffs, its nest and eggs resembling those of F. gyrfalco, but the latter are as a rule somewhat rougher in texture of shell.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
758. Falco candicans
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Greenland Falcon
Falco rusticolus
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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