665. Eurystomus orientalis

665. INDIAN BROADBILL.
EURYSTOMUS ORIENTALIS.
Eurystomus orientalis (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 159 (1766) ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 72 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xvii. p. 33, pl. ii. fig. 1 ; Dresser, Monogr. Corac. p. 67, pis. xvii. xviii. ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 107 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 189 ; C. calonyx, Hodgs. Icon. Ined. in Brit. Mus. ; Passeres, pls. 10, 11 ; id. in Gray’s Zool. Misc. p. 82 (1844) ; Sharpe, op. cit. xvii. p. 38 ; pl. ii. fig. 2 ; loetior, Sharpe, P.Z.S. 1890, p. 551 ; id. op. cit. xvii. p. 36.
Phoyiong-pho, Lepch. in Darjeeling; Leuk-hotsvey, Canton ; Tihong-lampay, Tjetje, Malay. ; Lallie, Born. ; Tiong Batu, Sumatr.
Male ad. (India). Upper parts deep bluish green, the crown and sides of the head nearly black, upper surface of wings lighter and bluer ; quills blackish, margined with blue. ; a basal patch of silvery blue on the primaries ; tail-feathers black, margined externally at the base with deep blue ; throat deep blue, with lighter stripes ; rest of the under parts greenish blue ; bill, legs, and feet red, the tip of the bill black ; iris dark brown or greyish brown. Gape 1.2, wing 7.3, tail 4.6, tarsus 0.75 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. Eastern Asia from Amoorland to China, ; India from the Himalayas to Ceylon and the Andamans, Burma, Malacca, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and the Philippines.
In its habits this bird is almost crepuscular, is essentially a forest-haunting species, and is as a rule shy and wary. Its flight resembles that of a Kingfisher, but it usually flies at a considerable altitude. Its call-note is a deep guttural ka, and its usual note a harsh Jay-like kiak, kiak. Its food is said to consist exclusively of insects of various kinds, which it either captures on the wing, or picks from off the ground. It makes its nest in a hollow tree, and in March deposits on the chips of rotten wood at the bottom of the hole three eggs which are broad ovals, pure white, faintly glossy, and measure from 1.34 to 1.42 in length, and 1.14 to 1.16 in breadth.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
665. Eurystomus orientalis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
665
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
464
Common name: 
Indian Broadbill
M_ID: 
8974
M_CN: 
Oriental Dollarbird
M_SN: 
Eurystomus orientalis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10390

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