1470. Eurynorhynchus pygmaeus.
The Spoon-billed Stint.
Platalea pygmaea, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 231 (1766). Eurynorhynchus griseus, Nilss. Orn. Suec. ii. p. 29 (1821); Pearson, As. Res. xix, p. 69, pl. ix; Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 693. Eurynorhynchus pygmaeus, Boie, Isis, 1826, p. 979; Blyth, Cat, p. 270 ; id. Ibis, 1867, p. 169; Harting, Ibis, 1869, p. 427, pl. xii; Armstrong, S. F. iv, p. 343; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 462; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 487; id. Cat. no. 887 ; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 395; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xxiv, p. 535. Tringa pygmaea, Seebohm, Charadr. p. 440.
Coloration in winter. Forehead, supercilia, lores, cheeks, and whole lower plumage, including axillaries, white; upper surface light brown with dark shaft-stripes; wing-coverts darker, the greater coverts white-tipped; bastard wing, primary-coverts, primaries, and secondaries dark brown, inner webs of secondaries chiefly white; rump and upper tail-coverts dark brown in the middle, white at the sides; middle rectrices dark brown, outer paler, with edges and shaft-stripes white.
In summer the upper parts are blackish, and the feathers fringed with rufous; fore neck and upper breast deep ferruginous, and the whole breast spotted with dark brown.
Bill black ; irides deep brown ; legs and feet black (Jerdon).
Length 6.5 ; tail 1.5 ; wing 4; tarsus .8 ; bill from gape 1.
Distribution. A very rare bird, resorting to North-east Siberia in summer and found in winter on the coasts of China, Bengal, and Burma. The only recorded localities in the Bay of Bengal are Saugor Island at the mouth of the Hoogly (a specimen has also once been obtained in the Calcutta bazaar), Chittagong, Akyab, mouth of Rangoon river, and Amherst.
Habits, &c. Scarcely anything is known except that the few specimens obtained have been shot on mud and sand flats, in company with Tringas and other small waders.