546. Otocorys bilopha

Otocorys bilopha (Temm.), Pl. Col. iii. pl. 244, fig. 1 (1823) ; Dresser, iv. p. 399, pl. 245 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xiii. p. 537 ; Koenig, J. f. O. 1895, Tab. x. ; 1896, Tab. vii. fig. 8 (eggs).
Sebacha, Arabic.
Male ad. (Algeria). Upper parts pale rufescent isabelline, more rufous on the wing-coverts and inner secondaries ; the black on the head and breast as in O. alpestris, but the horn-like feathers are longer ; quills greyish brown margined with isabelline white, the secondaries white- tipped ; central rectrices like the back, the rest black, the outer feathers white on the outer web ; chin, throat, and sides of the neck pure white ; rest of the under parts white, the flanks washed with rufous isabelline ; legs paler than in O. alpestris. Culmen 0.55, wing 3.8, tail 2.85, tarsus 0.82, hind-toe with claw 0.6 inch. The female has the black on the crown replaced by dark brown, the facial patch, pectoral shield, and crown- tufts smaller than in the male.
Hab. N. Africa from Algeria to Arabia, and is said to have occurred in Southern Spain.
Inhabits the elevated stony plateau land, more especially places where the Helianthemum flourishes, and is usually to be met with in solitary pairs in the summer, and in small bands in the winter, not in large flocks. Its call-note is a soft tiri-tiri, tiri-tiri, and its song, which is uttered from a stone or a hillock, is described as being pleasant and melodious. It breeds in April or May, the nest, which is constructed of grass-bents and plant-stems, worked together with spiders’ webs, and lined with plant cotton and wool, is placed on the ground, frequently at the foot of a Helianthemum bush, in a depression scratched out by the bird itself. The eggs, 2 or 3 in number, are dull white or creamy white, spotted or marked with pale violet underlying shell- and clay-brown or reddish brown surface-markings, and in size average about 0.83 by 0.59.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
546. Otocorys bilopha
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Algerian Shore Lark
Temminck's Lark
Eremophila bilopha
Vol. 1

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