857. Otocorys elwesi.
Elwes's Homed Lark.
Otocorys penicillata (Gould), Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 469; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 429 ; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 422; id. Cat. no. 703. Otocorys elwesi, Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 62 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 534 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 220. Otocorys longirostris, Gould, apud Hume & Henders. Lah. to Yark. p. 267.
The Horned Lark, Jerd.
Coloration. Of the same coloration as O. longirostris. The present species differs in its much smaller size ; its conspicuously smaller bill; in the large amount and intensity of the vinous or pink tinge, which suffuses the whole of the upper plumage and wings ; and in the small extent and paler tone of the streaks on the back and rump.
The nestlings of this and other species of Otocorys have the whole upper plumage fulvous, each feather with a subterminal black bar and a white tip ; the wing-feathers are all broadly margined with fulvous ; lower plumage pale yellowish white, spotted with brown on the throat, fore neck, and breast. The adult plumage is assumed at the first autumn moult.
Bill black above, pale near the base below; legs black; soles of feet yellowish (Blanford).
Length less than 8; tail 3.4; wing 4.3 to 4.8 ; tarsus .9 ; bill from gape .7.
This species is easily distinguished from O. longirostris by the characters pointed out above, the best of which are the smaller bill and general smaller size.
Distribution. A permanent resident in the highest parts of the Himalayas from Sikhim to Ladak, extending into Central Asia from Turkestan to Mongolia and China. Blanford met with this species in Sikhim at nearly 18,000 feet elevation.
Habits, &c. Some eggs, presumably of this Lark, found in Native Sikhim are described as being greyish white freckled and mottled all over with pale olive-brown and purplish grey and as measuring about .89 by .64.