Genus HENICURUS

The genus Henicurus comprises certain birds with the general appearance of Pied Wagtails, but differing from them in having a forked tail and ten primaries, together with a coarse bill.

The Forktails are found in mountain-streams flitting from pool to pool and feeding on insects which are found on the edge of the water. They are solitary and not very shy when disturbed, flying some distance further on, and on being disturbed a second time frequently disappearing into the jungle to return to the stream shortly afterwards. They wag their tails incessantly, and seldom perch except on rocks and bare branches near the ground. They build nests of moss in the banks of streams or under rocks and snags, and lay spotted eggs.

In Henicurus the bill is nearly as long as the head, stout and straight, and the lower mandible is much bulged out in the middle; the rictal bristles are well developed; the wing is large, the first primary being about half the length of the second; the tail is much longer than the wing, deeply forked, and the median feathers of about one third the length of the outer ones; the tarsus is long and of a very pale colour. The sexes are alike. None of the species are known to migrate.

Key to the Species.

a. Back spotted.
a1. Spots on back lunate ; feathers on lower breast fringed with white…………………….H. maculatus, p. 83.
b1. Spots on back round ; feathers on lower breast entirely black…………………….H. guttatus, p. 84.
b. Back plain.
c1. Chin and throat black.
a2. Back slate-coloured…………………….H. schistaceus, p. 84.
b2. Back black…………………….H. immaculatus, p. 85.
d1. Chin, throat, and breast black…………………….H. leschenaulti, p. 86.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
Genus HENICURUS
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1890
Page No: 
82
M_ID: 
28192
M_SN: 
Enicurus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
859

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith