630. Henicurus maculatus.
The Western Spotted Forktail.
Enicurus maculatus, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1830, p. 9; Gould, Cent. pl. xxvii; Blyth, Cat. p. 159; Horsf. & M. Cat, i, p. 346; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 212 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 374. Henicurus maculatus, Vigors, Blyth, Ibis, 1867, p. 29; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 47; Elwes, Ibis, 1872, p. 260; Hume & Henders. Lah. to Yark. p. 222; Hume, Cat. no. 584; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 310; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 317 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 57.
The Spotted Fork-tail, Jerd.; Khanjan, N.W. Him.
Coloration. Forehead and anterior half of crown white; remainder of the head, the whole neck, breast, back, lesser and median wing-coverts, primary-coverts, and winglet black; the feathers of the hind neck thickly marked with large round white spots, those of the back and scapulars with large ovate transverse bars; greater wing-coverts black, tipped white; the earlier primaries black; the other quills broadly white at base and also tipped white; rump, upper tail-coverts, abdomen, and under tail-coverts white; the lower part of the black of the breast fringed with white; the two outer pairs of tail-feathers white; the others black, broadly white at base and tipped white; under wing-coverts black; axillaries white.
In many specimens the crown and nape are rufous-ashy, with black margins to the feathers.
The young have the head, back, and lower parts down to the breast rufous-ashy, the breast with whitish shaft-streaks.
Bill black; iris dark brown; legs, feet, and claws white, with a pink tinge at junction of toes with tarsi and on all the toe-joints (Hume).
Length about 11; tail up to 6.2 ; wing 4.5; tarsus 1.15; bill from gape 1.05.
Distribution. The Himalayas from Murree to Nepal at all elevations up to 12,000 feet.
Habits, &c- Breeds from April to June, constructing a cup-shaped nest, chiefly of moss, on a ledge of rock or at the root of a tree, or on a bank near water, and laying four or five eggs, which are greenish white marked with yellowish or reddish brown, and measure about .96 by .72.