630. Henicurus maculatus

630. Henicurus maculatus.

The Western Spotted Forktail.

Enicurus maculatus, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1830, p. 9; Gould, Cent. pl. xxvii; Blyth, Cat. p. 159; Horsf. & M. Cat, i, p. 346; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 212 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 374. Henicurus maculatus, Vigors, Blyth, Ibis, 1867, p. 29; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 47; Elwes, Ibis, 1872, p. 260; Hume & Henders. Lah. to Yark. p. 222; Hume, Cat. no. 584; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 310; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 317 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 57.

The Spotted Fork-tail, Jerd.; Khanjan, N.W. Him.

Coloration. Forehead and anterior half of crown white; remainder of the head, the whole neck, breast, back, lesser and median wing-coverts, primary-coverts, and winglet black; the feathers of the hind neck thickly marked with large round white spots, those of the back and scapulars with large ovate transverse bars; greater wing-coverts black, tipped white; the earlier primaries black; the other quills broadly white at base and also tipped white; rump, upper tail-coverts, abdomen, and under tail-coverts white; the lower part of the black of the breast fringed with white; the two outer pairs of tail-feathers white; the others black, broadly white at base and tipped white; under wing-coverts black; axillaries white.

In many specimens the crown and nape are rufous-ashy, with black margins to the feathers.

The young have the head, back, and lower parts down to the breast rufous-ashy, the breast with whitish shaft-streaks.

Bill black; iris dark brown; legs, feet, and claws white, with a pink tinge at junction of toes with tarsi and on all the toe-joints (Hume).

Length about 11; tail up to 6.2 ; wing 4.5; tarsus 1.15; bill from gape 1.05.

Distribution. The Himalayas from Murree to Nepal at all elevations up to 12,000 feet.

Habits, &c- Breeds from April to June, constructing a cup-shaped nest, chiefly of moss, on a ledge of rock or at the root of a tree, or on a bank near water, and laying four or five eggs, which are greenish white marked with yellowish or reddish brown, and measure about .96 by .72.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
630. Henicurus maculatus
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Western Spotted Forktail
Spotted Forktail
Enicurus maculatus
Vol. 2
Term name: 

Add new comment

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith