Genus EMBERIZA

Emberiza Linn., Syst. Nat., 10th ed., p. 176 (1758). Type, Emberiza calandra Linn.

Key to Species.

A. Tail only slightly shorter than wing.
a. A large white patch on the outer¬most tail-feathers.
a1. Sides of body streaked or differing in colour from abdomen.
a2. No trace of yellow on lower plumage.
a3. Chin and throat black.
a4. Breast white…………E. schaeniclus, p. 197.
b4. Breast chestnut…………E. stewarti, p. 208.
b3. Chin and throat chestnut…………E. leucocephala, p. 202.,
c3. Chin and throat white or pale fulvous, with or without streaks.
c4. Ear-coverts chestnut.
a3 . A chestnut pectoral band…………E. fucata, p. 198.
b3. No pectoral band…………E, pusilla, p. 200.
d4. Ear - coverts fulvous or brown.
c5. Rump, tail-coverts and back concolorous…………E. schaeniclus, p. 197.
d5. Rump chestnut contrast¬ing with back.
a6. Wing over 87 mm…………E. leucocephala, P. 202..
b6. Wing under 86 mm…………E. stewarti, p. 203.
b2. Lower plumage largely yellow.
d3. Grown chestnut, or brown roadly streaked …………E. aureola, p. 210.
e3. Crown green, with obsolete shaft-streaks…………E. spodocephala, p. 212.
f3. Crown yellow, or yellow mixed with green…………E. citrinella, p. 219.
b1. Sides of body unstreaked and concolorous with abdomen.
c2. Throat and breast bluish-grey…………E. cia, p. 204.
d2. Throat and breast rufous…………E. huttoni, p. 208.
e2. Throat and breast yellow…………E. hortulana, p. 209.
b. No distinct patches of white on outermost tail-feathers,
c1. Sides of body unstreaked.
f2. No streaks whatever on lower plumage.
g3. Crown black…………E. melanocephala, p. 213.
h3. Crown golden …………E. icterica, p. 215.
i3. Crown streaked with brown.
e4. Wing over 90 mm…………E. melanocephala, p. 214.
f4. Wing under 90 mm…………E. icterica, p. 216.
g2 . Throat and fore-neck streaked.…………E. striolata, p. 217.
d1. Sides of body streaked…………E. rutila, p. 216.
B. Tail decidedly longer than wing…………E. calandra, p. 218.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Reference: 
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.3 1926.
Title in Book: 
Genus EMBERIZA
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Year: 
1926
Page No: 
195
M_ID: 
31999
M_SN: 
Emberiza
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
3941

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith