528. Emberiza stewarti

528. WHITE-CAPPED BUNTING.
EMBERIZA STEWARTI.
Emberiza stewarti, Blyth, J.A.S. Beng, xxiii. p. 215 (1854) ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 547 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 256 ; E. caniceps, Gould, B. of Asia, v. pl. 6 (1854).
Male ad. (Himalayas). Crown, nape, and sides of the head greyish white ; lores, a broad supercilium nearly meeting on the nape, chin, upper throat, and a streak on each side of the throat deep black ; upper parts and lesser wing-coverts warm rusty red or pale chestnut, marked on the back with black ; quills and tail blackish brown with narrow pale margins, the two outer rectrices with the inner web nearly all white ; under parts white with a broad chestnut band across the breast ; flanks slightly streaked with rusty brown ; bill brown, paler below ; legs fleshy pink ; iris reddish brown. Culmen 0.4, wing 3.2, tail 2.8, tarsus 0.75 inch. The female has the forehead, crown, hind-neck, and back ashy brown streaked with dull black, the scapulars tinged with chestnut ; rump and upper tail-coverts chestnut with paler margins, the shafts black ; tail with rather less white ; lores and orbital region fulvous ; sides of neck and ear-coverts brown ; rest of the under parts pale fulvous streaked with dull brown. In the winter dress like almost all the Buntings the feathers have brownish margins, the plumage being consequently much duller in colour.
Hab. Turkestan, Afghanistan ; the Himalayas from the Hazara country, Gilgit, and Kashmir to about Almora ; winter¬ing on the plains of India ; has been obtained in Sind.
In habits it is said by Jerdon to resemble E. citrinella. It breeds in Afghanistan, and in the Himalayas at an altitude of 5000 to 7000 feet, commencing nidification in April, the eggs being deposited in May and June. The nest which is placed in a bush close to the ground or on sloping brinks or hillsides, is constructed of dry grass. The eggs 4 or 5 in number vary extremely both in size and colour, some being pale blue, thickly spotted with purplish brown and with a few irregular Bunting¬like blotches and dashes ; others are greyish white profusely spotted and speckled with reddish brown, and with deep purplish brown blotches. In size they average about 0.78 by 0.59.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
528. Emberiza stewarti
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
528
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
367
Common name: 
White Capped Bunting
M_ID: 
32031
M_CN: 
White-capped Bunting
M_SN: 
Emberiza stewarti
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
11091

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