508. Emberiza spodocephala

508. Black-faced Bunting.
EMBERIZA SPODOCEPHALA.
Emberiza spodocephala, Pall. Reise Russ. Reichs, iii. p. 698 (1776) ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 329 ; Schrenck. Reis. etc. Amurl. p. 142, Taf. xii. figs. 5-8 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus, xii. p. 522 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 260 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 563.
Male ad. (Siberia). A broad band across the forehead, lores and the point of the chin deep black ; crown, nape, and upper parts, together with the whole neck and breast dull olive-green, on the hind-neck washed with brown ; mantle washed with rufous and striped with black ; wings and tail blackish brown, the quills and wing-coverts margined with rufous and rufous-buff ; the two outer rectrices with large oblique white patches ; under parts below the breast yellow ; the flanks striped with brown ; bill dark brown above, horny pinkish white below ; legs brownish fleshy ; iris brown. Culmen 0.44, wing 2.75, tail 2.15, tarsus 0.75 inch. The female has the upper parts browner, and lacks the black on the face, chin, and forehead ; chin, throat, and breast yellow spotted and streaked with brown ; rest of the under parts as in the male but duller.
Hab. Siberia from the Yenesei valley to the Pacific, wintering in China and the Himalayas from Nepal to Assam and down to Manipur ; is said to have been once met with in Japan.
Inhabits the outskirts of the forests and has a preference for the banks of rivers and damp marshy localities. Its song, which is uttered from the top of a bush near the nest, is short, somewhat feeble, but pleasant. It arrives at its breeding-haunts late in May and at once commences nidification. The nest, which is placed in a low bush, or occasionally on the ground, is constructed of grass-bents and plant-stems well lined with hair, and the eggs, 4 to G in number, much resemble some varieties of Passer domesticus and are white, splashed and blotched all over, in some more closely at the larger end, with brown, vary┬Čing in shade from light nut-brown to brown with an olivaceous tinge and dull rufous brown. In size they average about 0.72 by 0.56.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
508. Emberiza spodocephala
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
508
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
350
Common name: 
Black Faced Bunting
M_ID: 
32107
M_CN: 
Black-faced Bunting
M_SN: 
Emberiza spodocephala
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10041

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