505. Emberiza rutila

Emberiza rutila, Pall. Reis. Rugs. Reichs, iii. p. 698 (1776) ; Temm, and Schlegel, Faun. Jap. Aves, pl. 56b ; (David and Oust.), Ois. Chine, p. 331 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 263 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 514 ; (Tacz.), F. O. Sib. O. p. 607.
Male ad. (China). Upper parts, including the wing-coverts and external margins of inner secondaries, head, neck to the upper breast rich chestnut red ; many of the. feathers with narrow yellowish margins ; under parts yellow the flanks striped with chestnut and chestnut-brown ; remiges and rectrices dark brown with paler margins ; bill dark horn but paler below ; legs pale yellowish brown ; iris blown. Culmen 0.5, wing 2.75, tail 2.4, tarsus 0.7 inch. The female has the upper parts olivaceous brown striped with blackish brown, the crown tinged with chestnut, the rump unstriped chestnut-red ; chin and throat dull white, the sides and lower throat marked with chestnut ; rest of under parts as in the male but somewhat duller. The young bird is brown above, and pale yellowish below, above and below striped with dark brown.
Hab. Eastern Siberia and N. China wintering in S. China, Siam, and Eastern India ; has been once recorded from Japan. During the breeding season it may generally be found amongst the bushes on the borders of the forest, but in the winter it frequents the reed-beds. According to Godlevsky its song is short and insignificant, but Abbe David states that it is pleasant and sustained and that the Chinese value it as a cage-bird on account of its song. It breeds in N. China and eastern Siberia late in May or early in June, the nest, which is placed on the ground amongst the grass, is somewhat slightly con¬structed of dry plant-stems, and lined with horsehair. The eggs are sandy yellowish, with brownish grey shell-narkings and pale olivaceous surface-markings, marked also with a few black scratches and lines. In general tone of colour they are yellowish brown, whereas those of E. aureola (which they resemble in character) are olivaceous. In size they measure about 0.69 by 0.54.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
505. Emberiza rutila
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Chestnut Bunting
Chestnut Bunting
Emberiza rutila
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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